In his last will and testament, Rhodes said of the British, "I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race. Rhodes also respected the Germans and allowed Germans to be included in the Rhodes scholarships. He believed that eventually Great Britain, the US, and Germany together would dominate the world and ensure peace together.
Rhodes' efforts failed to bring about the peaceful world he anticipated. Rhodes, who attended Oxford University, chose his Alma mater as the site of his great experiment because he believed its residential colleges provided the ideal environment for intellectual contemplation and personal development. Rhodes' vision for the scholarships did not hold long; his bequest was whittled down considerably in the first decades after his death, due to the payment of various taxes. A change occurred in , when an Act of Parliament established a fund separate from the original proceeds of Rhodes' will.
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This made it possible to expand the number of scholarships. For example, between and , scholarships were extended to other countries in the European Community. However, the sentiment of exclusion remained for a long time. Because the Sex Discrimination Act of in the United Kingdom did not affect wills, it took another Act of Parliament to change Rhodes' will in to include women.
Since then, numerous women, almost three hundred by the end of the twentieth century, have been admitted into the Rhodes Scholarship program. It should be noted that while the number of women accepted into the program has increased, they still represent a minority of Rhodes Scholarship winners. In the twenty-first century, Rhodes' vision of world peace and prosperity through these scholarships has been made increasingly relevant, particularly through partnerships such as the Mandela Rhodes Foundation in South Africa.
The scholarships are administered and awarded by the Rhodes Trust which was established in under the terms and conditions of Cecil John Rhodes will. Rhodes' legacy specified four standards by which applicants were to be judged:. There have been more than 7, Rhodes Scholars since the inception of the Trust. There were originally 52 scholarships. In subsequent years, the Trustees added approximately 40 additional scholarships, although not all have continued. Some of these extended the scheme to Commonwealth countries not mentioned in Rhodes' will. Some examples of notable Rhodes Scholarship alumni follow.
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Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter , U. The tendency of a growing number of Rhodes Scholars to enter business or private law as opposed to public service, as the scholarship was designed, has been a source of frequent criticism and "occasional embarrassment.
Similarly, of Rhodes Scholars who became attorneys, about one-third serve as staff attorneys for private corporations while another third remain in private practice or academic posts.
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Many Rhodes Scholars have gone on to have prominent careers in business, politics, sport and academia. As the first large-scale programme of international scholarships ,  the Rhodes Scholarship inspired the creation of other awards, including:. In structure and selection criteria, the Scholarship is most similar to the Gates Cambridge and Marshall Scholarships.
Like the Rhodes, the Marshall is a geographic-scholarship organized through districts in selecting countries. Like the Gates Cambridge, the Rhodes is tenable at only one university. In structure, the Marshall Scholarship is more flexible than the American Rhodes Scholarship, in that Marshall Scholars can study at any British university,  and can also attend a different university each year during a Scholar's tenure.
In addition, a limited number of one-year Marshall scholarships are available.
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The Marshall Scholarship also places a greater emphasis on academic achievement and potential, requiring a minimum GPA of 3. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Redirected from Rhodes Scholar. Jump to: navigation , search. Not to be confused with Road Scholar.
Main article: Allocation of Rhodes Scholarships. See also: Rhodes Must Fall. See also: List of Rhodes Scholars. See also: Comparison of the Marshall Scholarship to other Scholarships. Retrieved 26 December Retrieved 6 December Mc Gill Reporter. Associated Press. Retrieved Rhodes Trust.
Amongst other things, the press release states that the value of the Rhodes Scholarship varies depending on the academic field and the degree B. The Rhodes Scholarships. Archived from the original on 6 Feb The last will and testament of Cecil John Rhodes: with elucidatory notes to which are added some chapters describing the political and religious ideas of the testator. BBC News.
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